By Taras Baranetskyi, decentralisation adviser of the Lviv Local Government Development Centre, for “Dyvys’ info
On 3 April 2018, the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine adopted the draft law No 6466 as a whole, allowing rural and urban hromadas to join the cities of oblast significance under a simplified procedure.
187 cities have the status of the city of oblast significance, and only 3 of them have established amalgamated hromadas, namely Balta and Bilyayivka of the Odesa Oblast, as well as Lyman of the Donetsk Oblast. Cities of oblast significance are centres of economic and social activity, have the appropriate (transport, educational, healthcare) infrastructure in order to become centres of truly capable AHs.
During 2015-2017, the Central Electoral Commission 10 times refused cities of oblast significance in the appointment of the first elections. The reason is rather banal one – the lack of legal grounds for the appointment of the first elections due to the entry of the AH territory into several administrative units.
The Lviv Oblast is no exception. Not a single city out of 9 cities of oblast significance has established an AH. Novyi Rozdil city was the closest to reach AH formation last year, but the process stopped at the stage of final decisions of local councils.
The situation is complicated by the presence of the so-called “matryoshkas”, when one or several local self-government bodies are part of the city council of the city of oblast significance.
Instead of conclusions
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