Education Sector

Topical Questions


Is it possible to establish a combined class under the New Ukrainian School programme in elementary school?

Yes, it is, since the combined class of the elementary school operates on the basis of the Provisions on combined class of the elementary school of the hub institution branch (order of the Ministry of Education and Science No.944 dated 05.08.2016). It states that “the educational process in the combined classes is carried out in accordance with the working curricula drawn up on the basis of the standard curricula approved by the Ministry of Education and Science, for pupils of each class separately."



What is the future of the Educational Complex?

The law "On Education" does not use the term "educational complex", but instead the law (part 4 of Article 22) allows educational institution to carry out educational activities simultaneously at different levels and under different educational forms, thus forming separate structural divisions for this purpose.

Thus, the gymnasium (institution of general secondary education of the II degree) may have a structural unit – an elementary school, and a lyceum (general secondary educational institution of the III degree) may have structural units such as gymnasium and elementary school. Schools that, prior to the adoption of the new Law "On Education" acted as educational complexes, need to change the type of institution to one of the abovementioned. In addition, kindergartens can also be a structural subdivision of the general secondary educational institution. Besides, Article 22 of the law provides that "Educational establishment may, on a contractual basis, be combined with other legal entities, establishing educational, educational and scientific, scientific, educational-production and other associations, with each association member retaining the status of a legal entity, in order to exercise statutory activities”.



What kind of management bodies remain in schools?

According to Article 39 of the Law “On General Secondary Education” the pedagogical council is the main collegial body of the institution of general secondary education.

Self-government bodies of employees, education receivers, parents and other public self-government bodies of participants in the educational process can also operate in the educational institutions. At the same time, the general meeting (conference) of the staff of the educational institution is the highest collegial body of public self-government of the educational institution.

In addition, methodological associations, involving the educational process participants and specialists of a certain field, can function within the institutions of general secondary education.



What positions remain in the branches of hub schools?

This issue is regulated by the Order No. 1205 dated 06.12.2010 “On Approval of Typical Staffing Standards for General Educational Institutions”.

The branch of the hub school may have:

  1. Head of the branch (introduced in the presence of 20 and more pupils in the branch; in case of less than 20 pupils, the duties of the branch head are exercised by one of the teachers).
  2. Deputy Head of the branch from on educational work in the hub school (0.5 of full-time staffing position in case of 6-9 classes in the branch, and one full-time staffing position in case of 10 or more classes in the branch).
  3. Supply and maintenance manager (in case of 6 or more classes).
  4. Librarian (0,25 of full-time staffing position; introduced in a hub school to serve branches, if it has at least four branches with 20 and more pupils in each branch).
  5. Boiler house operator (introduced in the branches where the heating of premises is not transferred to the housing and communal service system: 2 staffing positions per shift in boiler houses, heated by solid fuels (peat, coal), with a surface of boilers heating of over 75 sq. m, in boiler houses that are not equipped with safety automatics), and 1 staffing position per shift – in boiler houses with gas heating).
  6. Nurse (0,25 of staffing positions in case of 20 and more pupils in the branch).
  7. Cleaner of office space (for every 250 square metres of cleaned area, but not less than 0.5 of position per school – hub school and its branches).



What should be the filling of classes in the New Ukrainian School?

The Law “On General Secondary Education” (Article 14) specifies that the number of pupils in the class cannot exceed 30 children.

The division into groups is regulated by the Order of the Ministry of Education and Science No. 128 "On approval of the standards of filling of groups of pre-school educational institutions (nurseries-kindergartens) of compensatory type, classes of special general schools (boarding schools), after-school groups and educational groups of general educational institutions of all types, and the Order of division of classes into groups when studying certain subjects in general educational institutions".



Does the school director have to agree the issue of teaching staff appointment with the head of the educational department?

The Law “On Education” introduced staff autonomy for schools. Consequently, the head of the educational institution should employ the teaching staff and do not need to agree the candidates with the department of education (the educational department is deprived of the right to hire employees).

Staff autonomy is envisaged by Articles 1 and 23 of the Law “On Education”, and the norm specifying the duty of the school head to employ teaching staff is prescribed in Article 26 of the Law “On General Secondary Education”.

Article 25 (point 3) of this law also states that the “Founder or a person authorised by him/her does not have the right to interfere in the activity of an educational institution, carried out by this institution within the limits of its autonomous rights, determined by the law and constituent documents”.



What is the formula for allocation of educational subvention?

The formula for subvention allocation is as follows: P × 1/ ECC × C × 1/18 × S

P – number of pupils

ECC – estimated completeness of classes (that is, the average number of pupils studying in classes in secondary schools of a certain administrative-territorial unit)

C – curriculum (i.e. number of hours per week)

18 – number of hours per week per one salary rate

ЗП – salary (per teacher's salary rate per year with accruals)

Comment on the formula from Ian Herchynskyi: “We start with the number of pupils in a certain administrative-territorial unit (for example, AH, rayon, city). Then we divide it by the estimated completeness of classes – this gives us the number of classes in this unit. Then we multiply the sum by the curriculum (number of lessons per week) – this gives us the number of lessons for all pupils together. And finally, we divide it by 18 – getting the required number of teachers’ salary rates.

Afterwards we multiply the average salary per one teacher's rate – and receive the amount of funds necessary to cover the salaries of all teachers, who conduct lessons in a certain administrative-territorial unit during the financial year.”



How will subvention for New Ukrainian School be divided between classes?

The money for desks will be distributed according to the number of pupils, funds for the didactic materials – in terms of the number of classes, and for equipment – given the number of schools. Under such calculations, the subvention is allocated to local budgets, but the direct distribution of funds between schools will be carried out by local self-government bodies.

At the same time, we would like to emphasise that in order to receive funding, the school administration should write a budget request, indicating everything that is needed.